Three of the world's major religions -- the monotheist traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam -- were all born in the Middle East and are all inextricably linked to one another. Christianity was born from within the Jewish tradition, and Islam developed from both Christianity and Judaism. While there have been differences among these religions, there was a rich cultural interchange between Jews, Christians, and Muslims that took place in Islamic Spain and other places over centuries.
Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion, arising in the eastern Mediterranean in the second millennium B. Abraham is traditionally considered to be the first Jew and to have made a covenant with God. Because Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all recognize Abraham as their first prophet, they are also called the Abrahamic religions. While there was always a small community of Jews in historic Palestinein 73 C. Most Jews then lived in Diasporaas minorities in their communities,
Which religion came first in the world the founding of the state of Israel in When Jews from all over the world came to settle in modern Israel, they found that various subcultures had developed in different areas with distinctive histories, languages, religious practices, customs, and cuisine.
Yiddish, a fusion of German and Hebrew, was the spoken language of the Ashkenazi. In Europe, Jews had tended to be segregated -- voluntarily or not -- from the Christian population. From the late 19th and through first half of the 20th century, many Ashkenazi Jews came to Palestine to escape the persecution and discrimination they faced because of their religion. They once spoke Ladino, a mixture of Hebrew and Spanish.
Mizrahi and Sephardic Jewish communities tended to be integrated into their respective societies. There is great difference of opinion among Israeli Jews over the "Which religion came first in the world" Jewish religious law should play in Which religion came first in the world state. Until recently, Orthodox Judaism was the only form of the religion formally and legally recognized in Israel.
Although less branches of Judaism now have partial recognition, Orthodoxy remains dominant politically and legally. Many Israeli Jews describe themselves in terms of their degree of observance of Jewish law.
About half call themselves secular ; about 15 to 20 percent see themselves as Orthodox or ultra-Orthodox; and the rest describe themselves as traditionally observant, but not as strict as the Orthodox.
In the United States, debate over the necessity of observing Jewish law has led to the development of three major movements. Orthodox Jews believe that Jewish law is unchanging and mandatory. Conservative Jews argue that God's laws change and evolve over time. Reform and Reconstructionist Jews believe that these laws are merely guidelines that individuals can choose to follow or not. In addition, there are many Jews in the United States who are secular or atheist.
For them, their Judaism is a culture rather than a religion. Jews believe in one god and his prophets, with special respect for Moses as the prophet to whom God gave the law. Jewish law is embodied in the Torah known as the Pentateuch and the Talmud collected commentary on the Torah completed in the fifth-century C.
Which religion came first in the world more concerned Which religion came first in the world actions than dogma. In other words, observance of rules regulating human behavior has been of more concern than debates over beliefs in the Jewish tradition. According to Orthodox Judaism, Jewish law, or halakhahincludes commandments given by God in the Torah, as well as rules and practices elaborated by scholars and custom.
Jewish law covers matters such as prayer and ritual, diet, rules regulating personal status marriage, divorce, birth, death, inheritance, etc. Jews do not believe in the prophets after the Jewish prophets, including Jesus and Muhammad. Therefore, they do not subscribe to the idea that Jesus was the Messiah and the son of God, nor do they believe in the teachings of Islam.
Christianity started as an offshoot of Judaism in the first century C. Until the emperor Constantine converted to Christianity in C. The development of Christian groups derived from major and minor splits.
In the 16th century, Martin Luther, upset at the corruption of the Catholic papacy, spearheaded a reformation movement that led to the development of Protestantism. Christian missionaries proselytize all over the world, and there are large populations of Christians on every continent on Earth, although the forms of Christianity practiced vary. Many early Christian saints lived in the Middle East. The tradition of asceticism denial of physical pleasures in order to come closer to God developed first in the Middle East, and the monastic tradition has its roots there.
These groups have different liturgical languages, rituals, and customs, and different leaders who direct their faith. The Coptic Church, the dominant form of Christianity in Egypt, arose from a doctrinal split in the Church at the Council of Chalcedon in The Egyptian government supports the Copts' rights to worship and maintain their culture, but there has been some violence against the community by extremist Muslims.
The Maronite Church was started in the fifth century by followers of a Syrian priest named Maroun. The Maronite Patriarch, based in Lebanon, guides his followers in the teachings of Maroun and other saints. Maronites are still one of the most powerful political communities in Lebanon. There are also Christian communities of different sects living today in Syria 10 percent of the populationJordan 6 percentthe West Bank 8 percentand Iraq 3 percentwith smaller percentages in other Middle Eastern countries.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, many Christians from what is now Syria and Lebanon then the Ottoman Empire emigrated to the United States and other countries.
Although Christians are a minority in the Middle East today, more than 75 percent of Americans of Arab descent are Christian. Christianity developed out of the monotheistic tradition of Judaism; Which religion came first in the world, its founder, was a member of the Jewish community in Roman Palestine.
Its holy scriptures are the Old Testament the Jewish Torah with additionsand the New Testament written by the followers of Jesus after his death and containing the life story of Jesus and other early Christian writings. Christians believe that God is revealed through three dimensions: Jesus is considered the son of God, born to the virgin Mary and come to Earth to offer redemption for mankind's sins.
After Jesus was crucified and executed by the Romans, he rose from the dead and ascended into heaven. This event is celebrated at Easter, while the birth of Jesus is celebrated at Christmas.
Christians believe in an afterlife where those who have lived a good life will reside in heaven with God, and those who have lived an unrepentant life of sin will be punished in hell. Although Christianity developed out of Judaic texts, Christians do not follow Jewish law. Instead, they believe that the ritualistic Jewish law was abrogated in favor of a universal gospel for all of humanity and the Christian teaching, "Love thy neighbor as thyself. Relationships between Jewish and Christian communities have often been difficult, particularly in Christian Europe.
There, Jewish communities were often subject to discrimination and violence at the hands of Christians. Christianity has also had a problematic relationship with Islam.
Christians do not accept Muhammad as a prophet. While many Christians in the Middle East converted to Islam during and after the seventh century, the Church hierarchy in Rome and Constantinople considered Islam to be both a political and theological threat.
The Crusades an unsuccessful attempt to reverse the Islamic conquest of the eastern Mediterranean and the holy places of all three monotheistic religions.
Islam arose in the early seventh century C. It developed from both the Judeo-Christian tradition and the cultural values of the nomadic Bedouin tribes of Arabia. Islam expanded into areas controlled by the Byzantine Empire largely Greek-speaking and Orthodox Christian, but with a diverse population and the Sassanian Empire officially Zoroastrian and Persian-speaking, but also diverse.
As Islam expanded, the new Islamic societies adapted and synthesized many of the customs they encountered. As a result, Muslims in different areas of the world created for themselves a wide array of cultural traditions.
The culture of Islamic Spain, for example, was so cosmopolitan that some Christian and Jewish parents complained that their children were more interested in developing their knowledge of Arabic than in learning Latin or Hebrew, respectively. Many elements of Islamic society became integral parts of medieval and Renaissance European culture, like the notion of chivalry, and certain forms of music the lute, the arabesque and poetry.
On the eastern end of the Islamic world, many Indonesians converted to Islam between the 15th and 17th centuries. Preexisting animist beliefs were often incorporated into the local practice of Islam. Within Islam, there are many different communities. Adherents of Islam may be more or less observant, conservative or liberal. Sufism is the mystical tradition of Islam, where direct experience of the divine is emphasized. The 13th-century poet Jalaluddin Rumi is a well-known Sufi figure whose work has become popular in the United States today.
Whirling dervishes are dancers who are entranced in their experience of Sufism. Muslims believe that Allah the Arabic word for God sent his revelation, the Quranto the prophet Muhammad in the seventh century C. The Quran contains verses surahs in Which religion came first in the world that tell Muslims to worship one god, and explains how they should treat others properly. Another historical text, the Hadith, written by scholars after the death of Muhammad, describes Muhammad's life as an example of pious behavior, proscribes law for the community based on the Quran and the example of Muhammad, and explains how certain rituals should be performed.
Observant Muslims practice five principles pillars of Islam: Many Muslims also observe dietary rules, in origin similar to those of Judaism, that forbid certain foods like porkoutlaw alcohol, and dictate how animals should be slaughtered for food.
The Muslim calendar is lunar, and shifts in relation to the solar calendar. Just as Christians count years starting with the year of Jesus's birth, Muslims count years beginning with Muhammad's move from Mecca to Medina in C. Muslim years are labeled as A. Major Muslim festivals include Id al-Fitr the Fast-Breaking Festival, celebrated at the end of Ramadan and Id al-Adha the Festival of Sacrifice, the commemoration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice Ishmail which takes place during the month of pilgrimage.
Muslims believe in a Day of Judgment, when righteous souls go to heaven and Which religion came first in the world will go to hell. Islam sees Judaism and Christianity as earlier versions of Islam, revelations given within the same tradition by Allah but misunderstood over time by their followers.
Muslims see Islam as the "Which religion came first in the world," complete, and correct revelation in the monotheistic tradition of the three faiths. The Islamic tradition "Which religion came first in the world" many of the Jewish and Christian prophets, including Abraham, Moses, and Jesus although he is not considered to be the son of God. Many non-Muslims mistakenly believe that Muhammad is the equivalent of Jesus in the Islamic tradition; in fact, it is the Quran that stands in the same central position in Islam as Jesus does in Christianity.
Muhammad himself is not divine, but a prophet chosen by God to deliver his message and an example of piety to emulate. Jews and Christians are specifically protected in the Quran as Peoples of the Book, reinforcing their spiritual connection to Islam by virtue of having been given revelations from God.
The Islamic legal tradition has upheld the rights of Jews and Christians to maintain their beliefs and practices within their communities in Islamic lands, and this policy of tolerance has generally been upheld. Inside the Kingdom - Part II: Christians in the Middle East: This story was aired during the military standoff at Bethlehem's Church Which religion came first in the world the Nativity.
Novemeber Inside Out: Can any one give me the list of world oldest religions and their time period? Ergo' the first known religion is that of sumerians with An, Enlil, Marduk et al. came back to the same church or sect in its headquarters in Haifa, Israel, and came. The many gods of the religions of the "Which religion came first in the world" world fulfilled this function as specialists in When religion developed in Mesopotamia is unknown, but the first written. Although the lovers were separated during the day, they came together at.
Politics, Religion, Economics, Culture, Geography, Science From the late 19th and through first half of the 20th century, many Ashkenazi Jews came to.
Top 10 oldest religions of the world
The timeline of religion is a chronological catalogue of important and noteworthy religious events in pre-historic and modern times.
This article reaches into pre-historic times, as the bulk of the human religious experience pre-dates written history. Written history the age of formal writing is only c. Much pre-historic religion is subject to continued debate. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 4 May Pleistocene salinities and climatic change: Evidence from lakes and lunettes in southeastern Australia. Australian National University Press, pp.
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Diabetes - need for sugar?!Politics, Religion, Economics, Culture, Geography, Science From the late 19th and through first half of the 20th century, many Ashkenazi Jews came to. The many gods of the religions of the ancient world fulfilled this function as specialists in When religion developed in Mesopotamia is unknown, but the first written . Although the lovers were separated during the day, they came together at..
8 Oldest Religions...
Instead, they believe that the ritualistic Jewish law was abrogated in favor of a universal gospel for all of humanity and the Christian teaching, "Love thy neighbor as thyself. The 13th-century poet Jalaluddin Rumi is a well-known Sufi figure whose work has become popular in the United States today. India Number of Current Followers: Christian missionaries proselytize all over the world, and there are large populations of Christians on every continent on Earth, although the forms of Christianity practiced vary.
From the late 19th and through first half of the 20th century, many Ashkenazi Jews came to Palestine to escape the persecution and discrimination they faced because of their religion.
Preexisting animist beliefs were often incorporated into the local practice of Islam. The Islamic tradition recognizes many of the Jewish and Christian prophets, including Abraham, Moses, and Jesus although he is not considered to be the son of God.
While written history is not around 5, years archaic , religion, in some form, has probably tired around since the origins of mankind. Although not too religions claim to take teachings that date cast off to the dawn of time, spiritual practices and beliefs have emerged and eventually faded out of history as often as empires.
Several large churchgoing movements have been missing to history, but not too ancient religions are at rest practiced today. Country or Region of Origin: China Number of Current Followers: Taoism also called Daoism is based on the teachings of the Tao Te Ching, a impecunious book containing the teachings of Lao Tzu and emphasizes spiritual harmony within the individual.
Taoism is probably best known as far as something drawing on the doctrine of unity and opposites or Ying and Yang. The main idea behind Yin Yang is that the world is filled with complementary forces such as action and non-action, light and dark, pungent and cold, etc. Confucianism is often recognized as a religion although it is not practiced as a traditional organized belief and its believers upon it more as a system of social and ethical philosophy.
Throughout the years, Confucianism has had a strong influence on the spiritual and civil life of the Chinese people. India Number of Current Followers: Jainism is another ancient religion from India that is believed to have emerged in the 6 th Century BCE, around the nevertheless time as Buddhism, and shares similar beliefs to both Hinduism and Buddhism.
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