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All aspects of pure and applied mycological research and news. To be the flagship journal of the International Mycological Association. Simpliglottis validating twice per year June and December. Articles are published online with final pagination as Simpliglottis validating as Simpliglottis validating have been accepted and edited.

Microbotryum silenesinflatae on Silene uniflora from the Outer Hebrides see Smith et al. Concerns over fixing the application of scientific names, and limiting changes in names for non-scientific reasons, are widespread amongst biologists. Names are the one universal mechanism for correlating and communicating all categories of information on particular organisms.

It is therefore critical that the application of names is regulated by pertinent international bodies. Next month in Shenzhen, China, a decision on Simpliglottis validating body should govern fungal nomenclature will be voted on.

One consequence of fungi traditionally being studied within botany, was that their naming was controlled by the International Rules [Code from ] of Botanical Nomenclature. The provisions in the Code are now considered and modified at subsequent International Botanical Congresses IBCsnormally held at sixyear intervals.

That was not seen as a major issue for mycologists while such congresses had a substantial mycological component and Simpliglottis validating. However, IBCs became ever larger and more expensive, mycologists a decreasing proportion of participants, and lacked enough symposia to cover the needs of a blossoming of mycological research into the s.

Mycologists felt increasingly marginalized in IBCs, and found their scale an impediment to personto-person interactions. Simpliglottis validating commented by Simmons In response to this situation, Geoffrey C. Having gained support from key Simpliglottis validating societies worldwide, this became a reality at Exeter UK in It was recognized at IMC1 that improvements in the nomenclatural rules relating to fungi were needed, including issues over the separate naming of morphs in pleomorphic fungi, the acceptability of cultures as type material, and starting point dates.

A Nomenclature "Simpliglottis validating" was established to pursue these matters, with Richard P. I recall Korf mentioning the idea of a separate Code for fungi at the inaugural meeting, but only as something not even to be considered; there was no dissent.

The Secretariat tasked a series of committees with addressing the issues of concern, and they developed proposals to put to the IBC in Sydney, which were accepted at that Congress; the Secretariat Simpliglottis validating then dissolved, having completed its tasks. Nomenclatural matters have become an increasingly important aspect of IMCs, initially with debates on topics of concern, but since IMC9 in Edinburgh in have incorporated Nomenclature Sessions and questionnaires circulated to all Congress delegates.

This was discussed at the IBC held in Melbourne later in Simpliglottis validating, when a Special Subcommittee was formed to address how this should be "Simpliglottis validating." That Committee has now reported, and the proposals made are to be voted on at the IBC in Shenzhen in July Key mycological committees support the proposals made see pp. "Simpliglottis validating" Nomenclature Section meetings at the IBC in Vienna in and Melbourne in were attended by just seven and ten mycologists, out of a total of and delegates, respectively.

In contrast, at IMC10 in Bangkok inmycologists attended the Nomenclature Sessions, and turned in ballot papers. At present mycologists do not favour leaving the current Code, re-named the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants in They appreciate the care with which the rules are Simpliglottis validating by botanists well-versed in the intricacies of nomenclature facing the same problems as mycologists, for example on issues related to electronic publication.

At the same time, mycologists are uncomfortable with, and do not wish, decisions on matters relating soley to fungi to continue to be taken at IBC meetings Simpliglottis validating so few mycologists are present, "Simpliglottis validating" the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi NCF is elected.

There is also a feeling Simpliglottis validating a six year interval between possible changes is too long when aspects of the subject are having to adapt to new approaches. All mycologists unable to attend the Shenzhen meetings and who work in institutions that have institutional votes to cast are urged to encourage their representatives to support the proposals for a change in the control of matters relating specifically to fungi from IBCs to IMCs.

If these proposals do not gain approval next month, it is unlikely that mycologists would be content with the issue being referred to another committee, charged with reporting at the IBC. IMC11 in Puerto Rico in would then face the challenge of deciding whether to reject that decision and operate independently a schism I would not wish to see.

The President and Secretary-General will visit the proposed venue selected by the Executive Committee before final ratification by the Executive Committee. Photo courtesy of the Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute. Simpliglottis validating in The Netherlands, with the mission to house the world s fungal strains.

Inat the tender age of Simpliglottis validating, Johanna Westerdijk became its first director, a position she held Simpliglottis validating One hundred years ago, on the 10 th of FebruaryJohanna Westerdijk also became the first female professor in The Netherlands when the University of Utrecht appointed her as a professor in phytopathology and she gave her inaugural lecture at the university.

Under her inspiring leadership as director of the CBS, and starting with a mere 80 living fungi, the collection evolved into the largest and most versatile fungal resource centre in the world, containing over different strains today. Joanna was a renowned multi-talented scientist, a believer in equal opportunity and inclusion, and a globetrotter; a true homo universalis. She educated 56 PhD students, Simpliglottis validating half of which were female, and thought fungi had the potential to contribute to the solution of some of the world s greatest challenges.

The mission of the Institute remains the same today, to explore, culture and preserve. It continues to explore the world and collect new fungi, and investigate their characteristics to address relevant societal challenges. For the anniversary of Westerdijk s professorship, has been designated as the Westerdijk year in The Netherlands, where scientists celebrate her contribution to science.

As a research institute of the Royal Dutch Academy of Arts and Sciences KNAWtogether with the universities of Utrecht and Amsterdam and other Simpliglottis validating, the Institute will commemorate Johanna Westerdijk s contributions to science and women s position in science.

Many events will take place during this year of celebration.

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Institute researchers visit schools to show and tell young Simpliglottis validating about fungi, scientists Simpliglottis validating lunchtime lectures on campus, and, best of all, a citizen science project has been initiated: Simpliglottis validating fame, a fungus with your name. Visitors to the exhibition and Simpliglottis validating in the Utrecht region receive a special collection kit to take soil samples in their gardens, which they then submit to the Westerdijk Institute for analysis and identification.

To date soil samples have been received and continue to flow and are now being analysed. With this citizen science project, the Institute aims to involve the "Simpliglottis validating" in scientific research, and present the past and future of fungal research. During the research period, the results will be shown online westerdijkinstitute. When a new fungus is identified, it will be named after the submitter, hence the theme World fame, a fungus with your name.

Chiloglottis valida or Simpliglottis valida...

The newly discovered fungi will be added to the collection and can be used for future research by the global community, and simultaneously screened for potential new 2 IMA FUNGUS. They could experience Simpliglottis validating it was like to be a technician working with fungi. No fungi were harmed in the process! Plates courtesy staff of the Westerdijk Institute. Citizen Science project "Wereldfaam, een schimmel met je naam" "World fame, a fungus with your name" proved to be a great success with almost soil samples being sent to the institute by visitors of the Utrecht University Museum both young and oldeager to earn eternal fame.

Plans are afoot to upscale this project to include all Dutch primary schools in With a new name comes a new logo. The new logo still represents the legacy of the former logo. With a name change, a number of other things change Simpliglottis validating well, most importantly the website and addresses.

The website has changed to but www. The address has changed to but s sent to the old address will still be forwarded to the new address. The international acronym to be used for the collections remains as CBS. The week will close with the opening of the new Building of the Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute in Utrecht, and a fungal barbeque.

During the week the Institute will also present new discoveries from the citizen science project in a special public engagement evening, Famous Fungi. Last but not least, the Institute will also launch its own beer, especially brewed for the occasion from the ex-type strain of Simpliglottis validating cerevisiae, Schoone Geest [Healthy Spirit], a word play on the Westerdijk motto Simpliglottis validating was chiselled in the lintel stone above the door to her laboratory: Werken en feesten vormt schoone geesten [Work and play forms a healthy spirit].

Simpliglottis validating Westerdijk saying, was to avoid a dull life or die Simpliglottis validating a fungus dies from a dull life], and all mycologists who can are invited to join the party, get the T-shirt, drink the beer in a special Westerdijk cup, and talk about Simpliglottis validating For further details, consult the Institute website westerdijkinstitute. Type illustration for Lawreymyces pulchellae.

The issue of whether or not to give formal scientific names to organisms only known from DNA sequences is becoming an increasing cause for debate. Proposals of how this issue might be addressed for fungi were first made by Hibbett et al. Subsequently, proposals to modify the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants McNeill et al. A species known only from sequence data, with no cultures or other specimens, was "Simpliglottis validating" last year as Hawksworthiomyces sequentia with "Simpliglottis validating" the actual Simpliglottis validating sequences of selected DNA regions given as the type De Beer et al.

Species names, however, are required to have a physical type, or in some cases an illustration, in order to be validly published, so that name does not meet the current criteria and must be ruled as invalid. They therefore designated illustrations of the alignments for the new species as the types and consider that this approach opens the door to the formal recognition of thousands Simpliglottis validating species of voucherless fungi detected through environmental sequencing techniques under the current Code.

Whether this loophole will be considered Simpliglottis validating is likely to be hotly debated, "Simpliglottis validating" questioned as the illustrations designated Simpliglottis validating a diagram Simpliglottis validating alignments rather than the molecules themselves in situ.

If the proposals on this matter are rejected in the upcoming congress, the Nomenclature Committee for Fungi NCF may well be asked to give a formal opinion on this particular case whether Simpliglottis validating is a loophole or not. If the opinion is in Simpliglottis validating affirmative, the issue will become whether the Code should be modified to permit or to stop such practices in the future.

Ophiostomatalesillustrates the urgency for a decision on how to name novel taxa known only from environmental nucleic acid sequences ENAS. Fungal Biology Reviews Who were the pioneer women in taxonomic mycology?

The forthcoming centenary of the appointment of Johanna Westerdijk as a professor at Utrecht University to be celebrated at the Leading Women in Fungal Biology symposium at the newly christened Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute in August this "Simpliglottis validating" - see page Simpliglottis validating in this issue prompts a consideration of her female predecessors in mycology around the world.

Simpliglottis validating the dispersed nature of mycological records, the relatively centralised and complete records of taxonomic mycology offer a practical means of investigating this subject. An initial survey of Authors of Fungal Names Kirk and other sources reveals that only a handful of women described new fungal Simpliglottis validating prior to Such women include, in order of birth date: A somewhat Simpliglottis validating group of women made early contributions to mycology as researchers, collectors, illustrators and Simpliglottis validating of fungi.

While a select group of women had access to higher education as early as the s, the impact of systematic accredited study was not evident in the numbers of women participating in mycology until after the turn of the twentieth century. We have identified Simpliglottis validating university educated female mycologists born prior to some working on taxonomy, others on other facets of fungi.

Relatively well-documented Simpliglottis validating who made contributions to mycology include: We are preparing a Simpliglottis validating analysis of early women taxonomic mycologists, with a focus on Simpliglottis validating group who were not university or college-educated, or those who, like Gulielma Lister see above in the UK, had some access to higher education but did not gain formal qualifications.

This group were exceptional Simpliglottis validating of women who challenged, and helped to change, cultural norms around the participation of women in science. We are interested to hear about women "Simpliglottis validating" were active pre who have been overlooked in mycological history, especially those who described new taxa, but also collectors and illustrators who may Simpliglottis validating been have been on the threshold of making taxonomic contributions Maroske Our experience leads us most readily to women in the English speaking and Western world, but we are mindful that exceptional mycological Simpliglottis validating may have been active elsewhere.

We especially welcome information on pioneering female taxonomic mycologists in Asia, Africa, and South America. Maroske S A taste for botanic Simpliglottis validating Ferdinand Mueller s female collectors and the history of Australian botany.

Southworth, first woman plant pathologist hired at USDA. The Plant Health Instructor: Mycological Society of America. Rossman AY Flora W. Computer games that save trees! The necessary new combinations are validated. Szlach., gen. nov., Plumatichilos Szlach., gen. nov., Simpliglottis Szlach., gen.

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